How to use a spinning reel? | 10 essential spinning reel basics.

Spinning reels are famous for their versatile and straightforward way of catching different fish species. They are suitable for both experienced and beginner anglers at all levels.

Understanding how to use a spinning reel will allow you to have an exciting fishing experience for basically any kind of fish in fresh and saltwater.

As they feature easy pulling system settings with an adjustable knob and a user-friendly spool for an uncomplicated casting and retrieval of the fishing line when fighting a large fish.

Employing a spinning reel will enable you to advance quickly to improve your fishing game and move up to more complicated fishing gears like baitcaster and conventional ones. So, let me explain the different types of fishing reels.

Understanding the different kinds of fishing reels.

There is a wide range of fishing reels available on the market that can be used for fishing. Each type of fishing rod features different specifications and descriptions.

These rods meet the angler’s needs who will cast the rod and line, deploy various components, gears, and the fishing style they are using.

Getting the hang to learn the different kinds of fishing reels can enable you to perform better while you cast the line and employing less drag for the ultimate efficiency.

The different kinds of fishing reels involve the following.

Spinning reels

A spinning reel is a well-known reel chosen by most anglers, thanks to simple and straightforward use and their efficiency in casting and retrieving the line with the hook.

Baitcasting reels

This reel is a bit more complicated since you cast the line, which tends to turn, resulting in twisting the line or pulling excess line than needed.

Spincasting reels

This reel is somehow close in features to the spinning, except for the closed face gears and components, which tend to affect the casting accuracy.

Conventional reels

This reel can be complicated to deploy, like the baitcasting. However, they are mainly used for catching large and heavy fish.

Every fishing rod involves different factors of features determined by how their components are assembled to have the ultimate benefits from using them.

It is essential to understand that the structure of each fishing rod differs from the other. However, they serve the same concept.

Moreover, to achieve the best decision, which reel will serve all your needs. You have to fully understand all the different fishing kinds that can improve your overall performance and fishing experience.

When selecting your fishing reels, spinning is a great alternative because they include an accessible open-faced reel that completes the specific setting and assembling.

Besides, when facing any trouble operating your spinning reel, having a full understanding of your reel’s parts and components can help you adjust whatever obstacle can face you.

Let us first go through these guides about spinning reels’ overall factors that affect the overall performance.

Understanding the components of your spinning reel from top to bottom.

Spinning reel Drag.

To start from the top of the spinning reel, what increases or releases the tension off your line’s spool is the drag system.

A designed line roller knob on the behind or at the top of the spool permits less friction of the plates.

And increasing or decreasing the tension on the line spool allows you to have the perfect adjustability to control the spinning reel’s line roller better while fighting a large fish.

Spinning reel Spool.

The spool is positioned right beneath the drag adjusting knob. It features a wide range of designs specified according to the fishing rod model.

And it is placed inside your spinning reel gear. It is fundamental when putting the line on your reel, and you must check the line capacity.

Typically, that is noted or marked on the open face components.

Spinning reel bail bearings.

The bearings serve two fundamental functions. First, you have to open the bail for the line to swing off the spool in a proper manner, so it acts as a casting trigger.

In contrast, to retrieve the line back by switching off the bail through turning the bail arm like reeling. As a result, the drag system should be activated.

The bail bearings’ secondary function is to maintain your spinning reel line even when pulled or retrieved on the spool.

Using your reel without bail can result in losing control on the line, resulting in knots or twisting, reducing efficiency, and limiting the overall performance, as the bail arm enhances smoothness.

Spinning reel handle.

Unlike baitcaster reels, which include either a left hand or a right-hand handle, they are versatile in that the reel handle can be changed to fit your personal preference.

To fit your needs. By a simple method of unscrewing the knob, you can switch a left-hand reel handle to the right side and the opposite side in the same way.

Spinning reel anti-reverse switch.

The anti-reverse switch is the last part of understanding your spinning fishing reel. This part is positioned on the bottom of the reel.

Which is essential to enhance your performance when catching an aggressive fish. This switch allows you to manually retrieve your line back instead of depending on your drag system to set your line tension.

Spinning reel Foot or seat.

The reel foot is the joining part between the rod and the reel. It is vital that it fits the firm’s seat so both components remain in place while swinging and maintaining the tension of battling an aggressive fish.

While the seat is known for the place that rod feet are positioned within, their designs differ depending on the manufacturer, resulting in numerous finishing for the rod.

As we concluded from this guide for the components of the spinning reels and the functions of each.

Spinning fishing can be a practical introduction to beginner anglers. Let me guide you to the next step to understand how to put the spinning rods into the perfect function.

Which fishing line is best for spinning reels?

Fishing lines can be divided into 3 primitive types: fluorocarbon, monofilament, and braided lines.

The cheapest and are commonly used is the monofilament that can be referred to as “Mono.” Mono features a floating, marginally visible, bulky, and stretchy structure.

The fluorocarbon line, commonly known as “Fluoro,” is the highest in efficiency and overall performance.

However, it is the most expensive, practically invisible, does not stretch, and sinks.

The strongest line is braided, which is well known as “braid.” Yet, they are extremely visible and crafted from a mixture of fibers.

To make things clearer, so you do not feel lost while selecting the line, you have to recognize that each type has its strength, referred to as “test.” And the LB test.

The selection of your line depends on the type of fish you are aiming to catch. If you wish to cast for a further distance, you have to select a lighter lb. test line.

As recommended for beginners, a 6lb mono line offers the correct heaviness to handle the most common species at standard sizes.

They are light enough that they do not struggle in their swing of the rod for a far distance with small bait.

How to spool your spinning reel?

A common-sized model requires around 330 yards of line. The main thing to do is to lace the line through the reel poles’ and open the bail.

Fasten an arbor knot around the spool of the reel to maintain the rolling of the line evenly.

Close the bail and squeeze the line against your reel between your finger index and thumb. It is recommended to have a friend around to hold the cord’s opposite rod tip line.

During spooling the line to ensure the line’s rolling in the exact direction, you are spooling your reel.

It is better to leave about 1/8 inch between the tip of the pin and the line, to make sure that you do not over-fill your fishing rod.

Once you complete filling your spool, remove it off the reel and immerse it in a container with warm water for 30 minutes to erase the line memory and illuminate any cord knot or twisting.

How to use a spinning reel for casting?

The easy and straightforward casting is the ultimate advantage of the spinning reel. It would help if you began by holding the rod with your dominant hand, placing the reel arm between your ring and index finger.

Push the line against your reel with your index finger and open the ball bearings. Positioning the other hand on the handle of the rod and reel.

Carry the behind of the rod on your shoulder to be perpendicular to your body. From back to front, wind the spool the reel forward in a 180 degree.

At around 130 degrees, release the cord from your finger push during the rotation around the spool.

Finally, close the bail with your other hand after casting and turn your handle forward to retrieve the line.

How to adjust the drag system to use a spinning reel?

To make sure that you will not miss any fish and catch large fish with light bait, you must understand how to adjust your system.

It is a set of washers that is responsible for the amount of line friction. That friction manages the line’s tension.

When challenging an aggressive fish, gradually release your spool with the bait and allow the cord’s pulling precisely without any excess or slack of the line.

Without the drag’s proper adjustment, the tension from pulling back a stiff cord without any space.

For enough loosening can result in either the line’s breakage or the rod and reel’s bending.

However, a correct setting for the drag permits the hook to remain attached to the fish and release the correct cord when it fights aggressively.

The drag is set by rotating the knob positioned at the rod tip. Either you turn it to the left to loosen the cord or the right to tighten the line’s tension.

The preferred way to test the drag is to turn off the bail and pull the line back by hand, try to imitate the size of the fish you are targeting, and set it accordingly.

Put in mind that you can readjust your drag when the line is releasing or retrieval is not adjusted correctly.

How to use a spinning reel anti-reverse system?

The anti-reverse system permits the angler to catch the fish by releasing the line’s tension just like the drag system.

The anti-reverse switch is normally positioned at the bottom of the rod.

When you need to reel backward and forward, turn that switch off, which will gradually permit the angler to reel backward to release the line.

For beginners, it is best to leave the anti-reverse switch on for easy reeling forward. Yet, when you get more experienced, switch it off to enable you to catch more large species.

Understanding the spinning reel maintenance.

The advanced models are extremely sturdy and can withstand frequent usage; however, you need to save your money from buying a new one more frequently.

You must make ongoing maintenance to maintain the smoothness and efficiency when operating it.

If you learn the steps of maintaining your reel, it will be a simple task to carry. And that is what we will discuss in the following part of this article guide: how to lubricate and clean your spinning reel.

However, before stepping into that part of how to look after your reel. Let me explain what you must do after each fishing adventure.

The basic procedures for post fishing cleaning.

  • It is commonly known that water and sand can get within the rod, except for those rods sealed completely.
  • So, it is recommended to limit that extreme damage and limit the rust and corrosion. Through deploying a fast cleaning after every time, you go on a fishing adventure. By following these steps.
  • Begin with taking off the rod and unscrewing the drag from your spinning reel.
  • With fresh water and wet cloth wipe off, all the sand and dust accumulated on the reel’s outer part.
  • Employing running water can help remove stuck dirt or sand, yet you need to pay extra attention as high-pressure water may push the sand deeper within the reel, so it is best to use the sink.
  • Dry the reel completely with a dry cloth.
  • It is best to lightly spray the reel with a cleaning solvent or a WD-40 after each adventure but make sure to stay away from the line, yet it is not a must.
  • Distribute the solvent with a soft cloth and wipe off any excess.
  • Reassemble the rod and drag it to your reel.

Cleaning your reel after every fishing adventure is no substitute for a scheduled deep cleaning and lubrication. However, before jumping to that step. Let me explain the way to disassemble your reel.

How to take your reel apart?

Required tools.

  • Screwdriver.
  • Tweezers.
  • Provided wrenches for your reel.
  • Diagram included for explaining the components of the reel.

Step1: organize your tools.

Collect all the tools and organize them besides you. Put in mind that once you begin to take apart your reel that you must pay extra attention since they include many small parts, and they can get lost very easily.

 Place a towel on the working area. Put a long piece of tape above the towel when you start disassembling your reel, placing the components in order, and labeling them by the ordering numbers.

That will enable you to put your reel together to know the right order and put each part where it is supposed to go.

Step2: take apart the reel piece by piece.

There is no correct method to disassemble the reel since slight differences exist between the models.  However, if you took it apart in a way that makes sense to you in the first place, and make sure that you label each part in the correct order.

The top and well-known tips relevant to most spinning rods are securing the cord before disassembling the components. Employ tweezers to remove out the tiny parts, particularly wire clips or springs that can shoot all over the place.

To prevent any twisting or tangling, use tape to hold the cord onto the spool. Or you can just unthread the cord and save it on an alternative spool.

Now, how to clean your spinning components completely?

Required tools.

  • Soft toothbrush.
  • Toothpick.
  • Multi-purpose lube.
  • Reel oil.
  • Green cleaning solution.

Step1: clean all the components of the reel thoroughly.

Employ a soft toothbrush with the green cleaning solution after you disassemble your reel to clean each part.

Your target is to take off as much residue as possible from all the components. As for your effort to completely clean, all your parts will pay off when your rods act as if they are new when you start to cast again.

Step2: grease the inner of the reel.

After cleaning all the components, employ the toothpick to grease the reel’s inner gear and part.

Make sure to put the grease only on the lower gear teeth and avoid applying any to the upper teeth since it may spread to the reel parts.

Step3: clean and oil the ball bearings.

To maintain the bearings’ smoothness, you need to clean them, as the bearings are the factor that maintains the reel’s cranking, and without cleaning, it can sound like a coffee grinder.

The typical light fluid will do the job without harming the bearings. Other than that, there is some bearing solution available on the market that can substitute that fluid.

With the brush, start scrubbing the bearings and try them after a while. If they do not spin properly, that means you must continue scrubbing until they are completely clean.

After cleaning the bearings completely, use a toothpick to put some reel oil on each bearing.

Step4: reassembling your reel components.

After cleaning and lubricating all the parts, put and reassemble your components. By following the same order, you followed when you were disassembling it.

If you find yourself struggling to remember the parts’ order, go to the explanation diagram included with your reel when you purchased it.

And now you are ready for your next fishing adventure and to cast smoothly with your reel as if it a new one.

Yet, let me explain some solutions for certain issues you can struggle with when assembling your fishing rod.

How to fix your fishing cord if it is reeling properly?

The main reason why the cord is not reeling properly is either tangled, twisted, or cast bearing is not adjusted correctly.

Luckily, this complication can be fixed at home or in a fishing store by following these simple and straightforward instructions.

Step1: remove off the housing cover.

With a counterclockwise motion, turn the housing cover of the reel. Remove it off to reach the inner spool.

The fishing is still out, so it tangles to the reel cover’s housing through the holes.

Step2: examine both ends of the spool.

The spool is the part of the gear responsible for allowing the cord to be pulled and retrieved.

Check for any tingling or twisting that can be blocking the bushings. If you find any, untangle them by the tip of a flat screwdriver to remove them.

Step3: check the drag system.

It is like a semicircle knob attached to the spool’s bottom or a pedal attached to the thumb finger button.

Check for any cord tangling since even a single cord slacking off the bearing can result in reeling problems.

Step4: push the bearing.

For the finishing step, push the reel’s bearing to cast and release both ends out of the housing.

Check for any bending signs to ensure that there are no line memory signs. Then put it into the housing and try it again.

Frequently asked questions about how to use a spinning reel.

1-How to fix the backward reeling on a spinning reel?

If your cord is only reeling in the wrong direction, follow these simple instructions to find out what is exactly the problem.

But, it is essential to remember each part’s positioning when you are disassembling the reel.

Step1: check the reverse switch.

To make sure that you do not have any sticking, you must check the reverse switch. Most advanced rods have this part placed on the reel’s side between the bearing and the thumb button.

Step2: remove off the frame cover of the reel.

Carefully begin by unscrewing the frame cover and check for any damaged components if they are clear.

Start removing the drag washers, then with a half an inch socket, remove the gear as well.

Step3: take apart the gear.

Disassemble the gear to reach the clutch bearing. Once you locate it, begin unscrewing the set of screws surrounding the tip of the bearing cap.

Step4: remove off the clutch.

While opening the edge of the gear, you can view the assembly clutch. Carefully pull the clutch out and make sure not to move the pinion even for an inch.

Step5: examine the clutch.

After pulling it out, examine the pin of the clutch for a wide diameter. Then ensure that the bearings are aligned with the clutch and the anti-reverse switch.

Yet, if you found it broken, you must replace it with a new one.

Step6: reassemble the components.

Assemble all the components of the reel using a reverse order of the disassemble. And as mentioned before, remember to put every part in the correct positioning, or the reel will not function properly.

2-why does the line keep coming off the reel?

A line that keeps on coming off the reel is another common issue in fishing. It is often a result of using the incorrect type of line to a fishing rod.

  • Always Secure the Line. The part where you have got to tie the tag of the cord onto the spool and tie with a knot to your fishing rod and reel. If your rod has holes referred to as whiffling, you will be able to insert the cord through the opening and out to another.
  • Unspool in several Directions. When spooling lines, it is essential to learn the line’s correct direction from the filler spool. Then, fill the reel within the same direction. In spooling, observe that monofilament and fluorocarbon have the main memory.
  • Hold the pressure. You must ensure that the cord is spooled on the reel is below adjusted pressure. It will enable you to prevent any slack line. Tangling or bird nests of the line. Suppose you saw any of these complications that will result in black lashes, wearing or the breakage of the line. That is why spooling line assists in gaining more line memory.
  • Avoid over spooling. It is difficult to conclude the amount end of the cord you are spooling on your reel. Over spooling may result in more water retention and gain more weakness. Of course, you can calculate and discover the cord inches that result from one turn of the handle. Then count the rotations it is required to reach a certain distance.

3- How can corrosion affect your reel?

Corrosion can drastically influence the overall performance of your fishing rod.

  • For instance, retrieving the cord can become tougher, and conjointly all other functions of the parts cab are influenced as well.
  • That is why removing, lubricating, and cleaning is vital for the reel’s bearings and gear.
  • Carrying out this step will hold the condition of your reel to stay functioning well and with efficiency.

4- Is it essential to use a monofilament line as a backing for spinning rods?

Of course, yes to spool the reel with the braided line directly on your pin could put you at the risk of over-filling and wasting your money.

However, employing a mono can prevent that for the following reasons.

  • Braided lines are slippery and slim, so it tends to over-fill and spins freely if you caught a large fish.
  • Even when you tighten the drag all the way, you will notice that happening when the cord starts slacking off the pin with no control.
  • In contrast, the Monofilament line holds into the spool’s center and will not over the spool.
  • Compared with the braided line, the monofilament line is cheaper and will not cost you a lot to fill the pin with hundreds of yards.
  • As the braided line is only available with a capacity of 150 yards, that will not be enough to fill the reel with a 3000 reel model.
  • So, 100-150 yards of the mono will complete the filling. It is a must to fill the pin all the way, so you do not compromise casting for further distances since the gap between the edge of the pin and the cord will result in more friction as the pull cord off the pin.

Final thoughts.

A spinning reel permits the angler numerous versatility in different fishing styles. They are virtually simple and straightforward to learn and get their hang,

yet, there are a few limitations and restrictions when deploying this sort of rods.

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